BAKUNIN, MIKHAIL ALEKSANDROVICH°


BAKUNIN, MIKHAIL ALEKSANDROVICH°
BAKUNIN, MIKHAIL ALEKSANDROVICH° (1814–1876), Russian revolutionary, one of the founders and theoreticians of Anarchism. While imprisoned in the Petropavlovsk fortress in St. Petersburg (1851), he wrote his "Confession" (Ispoved), in which he reproached the Polish independence leaders adam mickiewicz and Joachim Lelewel for their favorable attitude toward Jews. Through his conflict with marx , hess , and other Jewish Socialists at the end of the 1860s, Bakunin's hatred of the Jews grew beyond bounds. In his answer to a letter of Moses Hess in the review Le réveil (October 20, 1869), he referred to the Jews as a nation of exploiters, entirely opposed to the interests of the proletariat. At another time he stated that the Jews were more dangerous than the Jesuits and constituted a real power in Europe: they reigned despotically over commerce and banking, and had taken over three-quarters of German journalism as well as a large portion of the press in other countries. Bakunin considered Marx as the modern Moses, a typical representative of the Jewish people. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Yu.M. Steklov (pseud.), Mikhail Aleksandrovich Bakunin, 3 (Rus., 1927), 346–50, 388–404; Silberner, in: HJ, 14 (1952), 93–106; W. Polonski (ed.), Materialy dlya biografii M. Bakunina … 1 (1923).

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Bakunin,Mikhail Aleksandrovich — Ba·ku·nin (bə ko͞oʹnĭn, nyĭn), Mikhail Aleksandrovich. 1814 1876. Russian anarchist and political theorist who was imprisoned and later exiled to Siberia for his revolutionary activities. He escaped to London (1861), where he opposed Karl Marx.… …   Universalium

  • Bakunin, Mikhail (Aleksandrovich) — born May 30, 1814, Premukhino, Russia died July 1, 1876, Bern, Switz. Russian anarchist and political writer. He traveled in western Europe and was active in the Revolutions of 1848. After attending the Slav congress in Prague, he wrote the… …   Universalium

  • Bakunin, Mikhail Aleksandrovich — ▪ Russian anarchist Introduction born May 30 [May 18, Old Style], 1814, Premukhino, Russia died July 1 [June 19], 1876, Bern, Switzerland  chief propagator of 19th century anarchism, a prominent Russian revolutionary agitator, and a prolific… …   Universalium

  • Bakunin, Mikhail (Aleksandrovich) —  (1814–1876) Russian revolutionary …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Mikhail Aleksandrovich Bakunin — noun Russian anarchist; ally and later opponent of Karl Marx (1814 1876) • Syn: ↑Bakunin, ↑Mikhail Bakunin • Instance Hypernyms: ↑anarchist, ↑nihilist, ↑syndicalist …   Useful english dictionary

  • Aleksandrovich — (as used in expressions) Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Bakunin Mikhail Aleksandrovich Blok Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Iosip Aleksandrovich Brodsky Bulganin Nikolay Aleksandrovich Vladimir Aleksandrovich Dukelsky Sergey Aleksandrovich Kusevitsky Moiseyev …   Universalium

  • Mikhail — (as used in expressions) Mikhail Fyodorovich Romanov Bakhtin Mikhail Mikhailovich Bakunin Mikhail Aleksandrovich Barclay de Tolly Mikhail Bogdanovich Prince Baryshnikov Mikhail Nikolayevich Borodin Mikhail Markovich Mikhail Gruzenberg Bulgakov… …   Universalium

  • Bakunin — noun Russian anarchist; ally and later opponent of Karl Marx (1814 1876) • Syn: ↑Mikhail Bakunin, ↑Mikhail Aleksandrovich Bakunin • Instance Hypernyms: ↑anarchist, ↑nihilist, ↑syndicalist …   Useful english dictionary

  • Mikhail Bakunin — noun Russian anarchist; ally and later opponent of Karl Marx (1814 1876) • Syn: ↑Bakunin, ↑Mikhail Aleksandrovich Bakunin • Instance Hypernyms: ↑anarchist, ↑nihilist, ↑syndicalist …   Useful english dictionary

  • Bakunin — [bä koo′nyin; ] E [ bə kyo͞o′nin] Mikhail Aleksandrovich [mē khä ēl′ä΄lyik sän′drō̂ vich] 1814 76; Russ. anarchist …   English World dictionary


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